Duty Ethics

Deontology as a science falls within the domain of various moral theories, which guide our choices of what we should do or what kind of person we should be. A person who obeys the main domains is referred to as a deontologist. However, in some situations, compliance with the norms can cause disastrous consequences for humanity. Thus, instead of blind obedience to the domain rules of ethics, one should accept life as a unique valuable thing that requires a more personal view on morality.

Duty-based ethics are concerned with what people do, but not with the following consequences that may occur. In contrast, Kant’s ethics is more ethics of duty. He believed that human beings are those who can choose the laws they follow. It enables them to be moral and rational. His categorical imperative, the fundamental principle of ethics, identified a moral person as a person who acts with the right intentions. In the given example, the software programmer has a duty towards the government, which had recruited him. However, not only does he work for the government, but he also serves the whole nation. This situation forces the programmer to make a tough decision, which should consider not only the professional obligation but also his inner will and morality.

As a strict deontologist, the programmer would rather be aside from the issue and let the bomb explode. In order to stop the bomb, the programmer has to hack the system without permission, what he would never do because it violates the moral norms. It can be explained by the main doctrine of the deontological philosophy, which is concerned with strict adherence to the rules, not with the following consequences.

Immanuel Kant’s theory is truly deontological. However, he ensures that all deeds are morally right in virtue of their intentions. The best examples of ethically right actions can be such, in which the individual overcomes his self-interest or an obvious aspiration to do otherwise, but acts in accordance with the law. According to the theory of categorical imperative, Kant would suggest deactivating the bomb, which is against the main principle of duty ethics. By doing this, the programmer would save the lives of millions of people. Kant says that an individual’s life is the biggest value. Indeed, he claims that a person ought to act according to the maxim, which he wills to become a universal law. Moreover, morally right decisions are those, which help not only one person, but also the entire humanity.

 About the author: Jennifer Cooper is a bachelor in English philology and literature at Michigan University. Jennifer is currently working as one of the best writers at the personal research paper reviser She also studies feminine psychology

Started by Jennifer Cooper at May 12, 2020 - 3:21 AM